Negotiate Overcoming early job-insecurity in Europe

New edited books from NEGOTIATE

by Christer Hyggen

Two edited volumes from the NEGOTIATE project are published with Edward Elgar: Youth Unemployment and Early Job Insecurity in Europe & Negotiating Early Job Insecurity in Europe.

Both volumes are available Open Access with Edward Elgar online:

Youth Unemployment and Job Insecurity in Europe. Problems, Risk-Factors and Policies.

Edited by Bjørn Hvinden, Christer Hyggen, Mi A. Schoyen and Tomáš Sirovátka
Providing original insights into the factors causing early job insecurity in European countries, this book examines its short- and long-term consequences. It assesses public policies seeking to diminish the risks to young people facing prolonged job insecurity and reduce the severity of these impacts. Based on the findings of a major study across nine European countries, this book examines the diverse strategies that countries across the continent use to help young people overcome employment barriers.
Comprehensive and well-articulated, this book provides a new and original investigation of early experiences of job insecurity in Europe and its effects on youth well-being and future employability. Given its innovative approach that goes beyond the “usual” economic argument, the book is a must-read text for every scholar, practitioner and policymaker who wants to broaden their understanding of youth and their perceptions of joblessness and precarity.’
– Massimiliano Mascherini, Eurofound, Ireland

Negotiating Early Job Insecurity. Well-Being, Scarring and Resilience of European Youth.

Edited by Bjørn Hvinden, Jacqueline O’Reilly, Mi A. Schoyen and Christer Hyggen
Offering new knowledge and insights into European job markets, this book explores how young men and women experience job insecurity. By combining analysis of original data collected through a variety of innovative methods, it compares the trajectories of early job insecurity in nine European countries. Focusing on the ways in which young adults deal with this by actively increasing their chances of getting a job through a variety of methods, as the book shows how governmental policies can be altered to reduce early job insecurity.
This excellent book analyses the challenge of youth unemployment, by focusing on its causes and consequences, during the Great Recession in Europe. Throughout the volume, it uses the notions of resilience, capability, and active agency, while also considering policy responses at various levels of governance. It is a very clearly articulated book, conceptually and analytically, which should be read by academics, students and policymakers interested in welfare and labour market issues.’
– Caroline De La Porte, Copenhagen Business
School, Denmark
This is the first volume of one of the most innovative studies on unemployment in recent years, exploring the sources of the persisting high rates of youth unemployment since the Great Recession. It provides valuable insight into the diverse patterns of youth unemployment and insecurity in the EU, the contribution of employer recruitment policies to scarring effects and the changing nature of national and EU policy responses.’
– Duncan Gallie, Nuffield College, Oxford, UK
A compelling collection of chapters addressing the crucial issues of the consequences of job insecurity and exclusion in the transition to adulthood and the policies to tackle them. A must-read for students, researchers, scholars and policymakers in the field of youth labour market integration.’
– Ana M. Guillén, University of Oviedo, Spain

 

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Young man at job interview. Photo: colourbox

Colloquium on different policy responses to youth unemployment

by Greta Juul

On January 9th, the Negotiate-researchers Lisa Steinberg, Marie-Luise Assmann and Irene Dingeldey from Germany organised a colloquium on different policy responses to youth unemployment in Europe.

The financial and economic crisis had a higher impact on youth unemployment rates albeit with differences between the countries. While youth unemployment rates in the Southern European countries are very high, Germany is less affected. Nonetheless, also in Germany many young people suffer from difficulties in finding a job or apprenticeship place. Consequently, it is hard for young people to establish a livelihood, become financially independent and develop prospects for the future. In 2013, the European Commission launched the Youth Guarantee (YG) and member states made a commitment to ensure that young people below 25 years “receive a good quality offer of employment, continued education, apprenticeship or traineeship within a period of four months of becoming unemployed or leaving formal education” (Council of the European Union 2013). Several institutions are important for supporting the transition from school to work of young people. With examples from Greece, Spain and Germany, the colloquium outlined the respective problem pressure as well as the different policy responses when implementing the Youth Guarantee.

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NEGOTIATE progress meeting – preparing the final outcomes on the consequences of youth unemployment in Europe

by Ischi Graus

Last week the project consortium members came together in Sofia, Bulgaria, for their last Progress Meeting and General Assembly. The meeting was organised by the Institute for the Study of Societies and Knowledge (ISSK). The main aim of the meeting was to have a discussion on the two volumes that will bring together the main outcomes of the research carried out by the project. Both volumes will be published by Edward Elgar and will appear by the summer of 2018. The first book will cover youth unemployment and job insecurity in Europe and will assess the problems, risk factors and policies. The second book will touch upon the experiences of early job insecurity and how it relates to scarring, resilience and wellbeing of European youth.

Both volumes will look at the differences between EU Member States regarding policies and institutions at hand to cope with the consequences of youth unemployment and job-insecurity. They also examine the main causes and consequences of early career insecurity and what youth would like to see their governments do to tackle the effects of youth unemployment. Contributions to the book also engage into the question of how job insecurity affects wellbeing and family formation, hence the effects it can have beyond the labour market.

The main outcomes will be discussed with the scholars involved in the project, youth, policy makers, trade unions and civil society on 4 and 5 December 2017 when the NEGOTIATE project will hold its final conference in Brussels. More information on this event will come shortly. To receive updates on the NEGOTIATE project, please don’t hesitate to subscribe to our newsletter (bottom of page).

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Introducing an index of labour mobility for the youth

by Ischi Graus

From 29 August till 1 September the 13th Conference of the European Sociological Association, (Un)Making Europe: Capitalism, Solidarities, Subjectivities took place in Athens, Greece. Maria Symeonaki, Scientific Coordinator/ Assistant Professor at Panteion University of Social and Political Science (UPSPS)/ Department of Social Policy gave a presentation on a paper written together with G. Stamatopoulou and M. Karamessini on introducing the index of labour mobility for youth. Here you can find the powerpoint presentation on positive labour mobility.

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Serious young man sitting on walk way tunnel. Photo: colourbox

Consequences of work in deskilling jobs for young people

by Ischi Graus

A new paper shows that work experience in deskilling jobs does not lead to better recruiter’s evaluation and employability.

In the newly appeared working paper titled Explaining employers’ hiring decisions: A comparative study of employers risk assessment the researchers from the University of Basel, University of Luxembourg, HiOA-NOVA, Norway, the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and the Panteion University, have looked into two types of early job insecurity: unemployment spells and work experience in jobs that do not match one’s previously acquired skills (deskilling jobs).

A survey experiment

The objective of the researchers was to investigate the scarring effects of early job insecurity on future employment chances, the researchers have conducted a factorial survey experiment where fictive CVs with experimentally varied employment paths and educational credentials were evaluated by real recruiters hiring for real jobs in regards to the applicant’s employability.

How do recruiters evaluate unemployment periods?

The findings of this study contribute to the understanding of employer-sided provoked scarring effects caused by insecure job experience with regard to country and occupational field specific settings.

When national unemployment rates are at a comparable level, scarring caused by work experience in deskilling jobs seems to be more likely in countries with strong employment protection regulations. Scarring caused by unemployment spells, however, seems to be stronger in countries where the national unemployment rate is relatively low.

In addition, there are also differences on how recruiters in different sector evaluate one’s CV and how one has spent his or her period of unemployment.

Finally, the paper gives grounds for caution when it comes to the debates around active labour market policies. It argues that short-term measures aiming for labour market reintegration may not be most suitable when it doesn’t take job quality into consideration.

The research shows that work experience in deskilling jobs does not lead to better recruiter’s evaluation and employability.

Here you can read the full version of working paper 7.3: Explaining employers’ hiring decisions: A comparative study of employers’ risk assessment.

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