Negotiate Overcoming early job-insecurity in Europe

NEGOTIATE – Overcoming early job-insecurity in Europe – Presented at International workshop

by Ischi Graus

The Institute for the Study of Societies and Knowledge at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (ISSK-BAS) hosted an international scientific workshop for the 8th wave (2018-2019) of SHARE – Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. The Bulgarian team coordinating SHARE is led by Dr. Ekaterina Markova and includes Dr. Gabriela Yordanova, Assoc.Prof. Vasil Kirov and Diana Nenkova. The meeting (25-27 September 2017) was opened by the Scientific Coordinator Prof. Dr. Axel Börsch-Supan, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA), Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy. Prof. Rumyana Stoilova, Director of ISSK-BAS presented the NEGOTIATE project to 100 scientists from Europe and Israel that took part in the meeting.

The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) is a multidisciplinary and cross-national panel database of micro data on health, socio-economic status and social and family networks of more than 120,000 individuals aged 50 or older (more than 297,000 interviews). SHARE covers 27 European countries and Israel. Bulgaria was included for the first time in Wave 7.

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Introducing an index of labour mobility for the youth

by Ischi Graus

From 29 August till 1 September the 13th Conference of the European Sociological Association, (Un)Making Europe: Capitalism, Solidarities, Subjectivities took place in Athens, Greece. Maria Symeonaki, Scientific Coordinator/ Assistant Professor at Panteion University of Social and Political Science (UPSPS)/ Department of Social Policy gave a presentation on a paper written together with G. Stamatopoulou and M. Karamessini on introducing the index of labour mobility for youth. Here you can find the powerpoint presentation on positive labour mobility.

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Panel at SAMSVAR seminar in Oslo. Photo: NOVA

Seminar in Oslo

by Nina Eriksen

June 23 2017 NEGOTIATE researchers from NOVA and HiOA presented findings at a seminar aimed at discussing unemployed young people in Norway.

Christer Hyggen gave insights into recruiters’ evaluations of young job applicants in Norway.

Recruiter’s evaluations

Early job insecurity among young job seekers may signal low abilities to employers and impede future employment chances. A main goal of NEGOTIATE is to better understand how early employment instability and unemployment affect the careers of young job seekers from the perspective of employers. European countries have been hit differently by the recent economic crisis and the proportion of young people in insecure job situations varies greatly.

The study presented provides insights into recruiters’ evaluations of young job applicants in different economic and policy contexts across Europe and will help to gain knowledge about some of the mechanisms driving cross-country variations in the individual consequences of early job insecurity.

In a survey distributed to recruiters, the researchers considered different markers of early job insecurity, such as unemployment, work experience in deskilling jobs, and job hopping.

Read about the results in Policy Brief no. 6: Employers assessments of young job applicants: Findings from a comparative study

Life satisfaction

Janikke S. Vedeler and Ida Tolgensbakk talked about youth unemployment and the consequences for life satisfaction and social trust.

In an effort to understand the subjective effects of youth unemployment in Europe, the NEGOTIATE project conducted life story interviews with 211 individuals from seven countries and three cohorts (1950–1955, 1970–1975 and 1990–1995). The participating countries were Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Norway, Poland and the UK. The Norwegian team has written the report , with important inputs from all the participating national teams.

Policy recommendations

The interviewees called for better, individually tailored governmental services, rendered by employment agency caseworkers who do not only see you as a number, but as an individual. Many interviewees told of feeling that their skills and experiences were overlooked. Furthermore, the interviewees expressed a need for the development of better active labour market measures that would enhance rather than reduce their employability.

It is important to the interviewees not to be trapped by such measures, but to enter the competitive labour market as soon as possible. For some interviewees, private employment agencies have been important, and many wish for these to be better incorporated in governmental policies. However, these agencies normally only provide temporary jobs that foster precariousness and poor working conditions. Hence, interviewees asked for better regulation. The findings are presented in working paper 4.4.

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Janikke S. Vedeler, researcher at NOVA. Photo: NOVA, HiOA

Discussing NEGOTIATE results with employers and case workers

by Greta Juul

Vedeler and Tolgensbakk presented policy recommendations from NEGOTIATE at seminar in Bodø, Norway.

On 1 June 2017 NEGOTIATE researchers Janikke Solstad Vedeler (photo) and Ida Tolgensbakk (NOVA, HiOA) were invited to present results from our project to case workers, employers and others at a conference in Bodø: Vi vil ha deg med – en konferanse om inkludering (We want you in! A conference on inclusiveness).

The topic was how to include marginalized youth and migrants in the ordinary labour market. The event was organized by IA-rådet i Nordland and NAV Arbeidslivssenter Nordland , and  well attended, and generated many interesting discussions.

The title of Vedeler and Tolgensbakk’s talk was «Tales of being left behind – On being unemployed as an young adult». They presented some main points from the research going on in NEGOTIATE, before concentrating on subjective experiences of unemployment from the more than 200 life story interviews conducted in NEGOTIATE. The security net provided by the welfare state, in Norway represented by NAV, becomes very important when young people are without income. The interviews tell varied stories: from not needing or wanting to ask for help at all, to being helped in a myriad of ways.

Vedeler and Tolgensbakk ended their talk with pointing to the main policy recommendations from the youth themselves:

  • More, and more robust apprenticeships
  • Better, individually tailored governmental services
  • Better control with existing laws and regulations
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NEGOTIATE at ERAZ conference in Belgrade, Serbia

by Ischi Graus

On 8 June 2017 NEGOTIATE researcher Veneta Krasteva took part in the ‘3rd International Scientific Conference: Knowledge Based Sustainable Economic Development’ (ERAZ) held in Belgrade, Serbia. The event was organised by the Faculty of Applied Management, Economics and Finance, Belgrade in collaboration with the Faculty of Business Studies, Mediterranean University – Podgorica, Montenegro; University of National and World Economy – Sofia, Bulgaria; Faculty of Commercial and Business Studies – Celje, Slovenia and the Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans.

Conference ERAZ is supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of Republic of Serbia. The event was attended by researchers from eight countries from different scientific organizations, stakeholders and media.

In the beginning of her presentation Veneta Krasteva has presented NEGOTIATE project – its aims, the main stages of work and consortium members. Leaflets among the guests were distributed.

After that, based on life-course interviews conducted in the framework of NEGOTIATE project, Veneta Krasteva has revealed the subjective experience and perception of job insecurity and unemployment of people from two birth cohorts in Bulgaria, who have entered the labour market in periods of economic crisis. In the text the researcher shows: How the interviewees perceive their own situation and capabilities for action and choice when entering the labour market. The themes discussed in the report were the challenges associated with economic crisis, the impact of education, the role of employers, the importance of gender and the source of support.

A paper:Early job insecurity and unemployment: a thematic analysis of interviews with two generations in Bulgaria” will be published in the “Proceedings of the Third International Scientific Conference – ERAZ 2017” after peer reviewing.

 

 

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