Negotiate Overcoming early job-insecurity in Europe

The Bulgarian team presented NEGOTIATE papers at a Jubilee conference in Sofia

Home care worker with elderly couple sitting in sofa. Photo: colourbox
by Greta Juul

On 10-11 of March 2017, the Bulgarian NEGOTIATE project team took part in a Jubilee conference “HOW WE LIVE TOGETHER: COMMUNITIES, INSTITUTIONS, NETWORKS”. The event was organized by the Department of Sociology at the University of Sofia “St. Kliment Ohridski” (

The NEGOTIATE project team participated with two papers.

Access to higher education

The first paper was presented by Pepka Boyadjieva and Petya Ilieva-Trichkova. Its title was “Social inclusion and social fairness in higher education: Theoretical distinctions and methodological implications”. Its aim was to problematize the access to higher education from a sociological perspective in two of its dimensions: inclusion and fairness. Building upon the John Rawls perspective of “justice as fairness” and Amartya Sen’s idea of justice, it has developed two indexes which reflect these perspectives: index of fairness and index of inclusion.

The paper used data from various surveys such as the EU LFS, Eurostudent, the European Social Survey and the Bulgarian Universities Ranking System and covered a wide range of European countries. The paper identified four patterns of relationship between inclusion and fairness.

Work abroad

The second paper was entitled “Work abroad as an opportunity for overcoming early job insecurity in Bulgaria”. It was presented by Rumiana Stoilova. The aim of this paper was to explain how key socio-demographic variables predict the intention to emigration and the emigration experience of young people. The paper used as a theoretical background the perspective of the life course studies and the social status theories and applied the Bulgarian school-leavers survey (2014) as an empirical basis for the study.

This paper demonstrated that the previous emigration experience is one of the strongest predictors of emigration intentions. It also showed that the unemployment status increases the likelihood for positive intention for labor emigration and economic inactivity increases the chances to have previous emigration experience. These conclusions contribute to the debate about the high rates of NEETs in Bulgaria.

Words by Petya Ilieva-Trichkova

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Greta Juul

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